Northern Nigeria - Backdrop to Issue

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 Northern Nigeria - Qualifications to Discord Research Newspaper

NORTHERN NIGERIA: BACKGROUND TO TURMOIL

Africa Report N°168 – 20 December 2010

DESK OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SYNOPSIS...................................................................................................... i I actually. � ADVANTAGES............................................................................................................. 1� II. � RESIDENTIAL AREAS, ISLAM AND COLONIAL SECRET................................................... 2� A. � THE PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD.............................................................................................................. 2� 1 ) � Those of northern Nigeria and the early propagate of Islam..................................................... 2� 2 . � The Sokoto Caliphate................................................................................................................... 3� W. � THE COLONIAL ERA..................................................................................................................... 4�

3.  THE NORTH SINCE FREEDOM I: NATIONAL POLITICS AND ECONOMIC CLIMATE............... 7� A. � POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS: WHAT PLACE INTENDED FOR THE NORTH IN THE NIGERIAN NATION?............. 7� 1 . � 1960-1966: first republic, the Sardauna plus the NPC.................................................................. 7� 2 . � 1966-1999: the military period.......................................................................................................... 8� 3. � 1999-: the go back to civilian secret.................................................................................................. 8� B. � MONETARY AND INTERPERSONAL TRANSFORMATIONS: OIL BOOM, STAGNATION AND CULTURAL MALAISE.. 9�

IV.  THE NORTH SINCE INDEPENDENCE II: RELIGION.......................................... 11� A. � CHRISTIAN-MUSLIM WORRIES.................................................................................................. 12� M. � DISCUSSIONS WITHIN ISLAM............................................................................................................ 13� 1 . � Sufis and reformists................................................................................................................... 13� installment payments on your � Sharia and hisbah....................................................................................................................... 15� several. � The radical perimeter....................................................................................................................... 18�

Sixth is v. � TURMOIL DYNAMICS AND POLICY REPLIES............................................ 20� A. � DYNAMICS OF ISSUES.......................................................................................................... 20� 1 . � Patterns, actors, devices...................................................................................................... 20� 2 . � Elements fuelling the conflicts...................................................................................................... 21� B. � RESPONSES AND POLICY ALTERNATIVES............................................................................................. 23� 1 ) � A limited policy response.......................................................................................................... 24� installment payments on your � Toward better discord prevention and management.................................................................. 25�

VI.  CONCLUSION................................................................................................................ 27� SORTIE

A. MAP OF NIGERIA............................................................................................................................. 28 M. MAP OF NIGERIAN ADMINISTRATIVE BORDERS.............................................................................. up to 29 C. GLOSSARY....................................................................................................................................... 30 Deb. TIMELINE OF MAJOR EVENTS AND MASS VIOLENCE (EXCLUDING NIGER...

Mentioned: Identity Alteration: The Case with the Yandaba in Kano”, in

Attahiru Jega (ed. ), Identity Transformation and Id Politics below Structural Realignment in Nigeria (Uppsala, 2000).

Independence of External Auditor Essay

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