The Reliability of Eyewitness Testimoney
In today's felony justice system, eyewitness testimony is one of the most frequently used pieces of facts by a court. It plays a crucial position in lawbreaker court casesas it is counted on greatly for investigating and prosecuting crimes. Eyewitness testimony identifies an account given by a person of an event they have witnessed (McLeod, 2009). Whether a person is found guilty of a offense or not can finally depend on how reliable someone's recollection of your crime can be. When right, eye witness testimony is a good idea in solving many criminal activity. However , when incorrect it can cause to severe destruction and can bring about innocent citizens being found guilty of criminal offenses they did not commit. There may be empirical evidence looking at the influence of three key factors (individual differences, situational factors and external factors) on the eyewitness' memory and so it should not really be trustworthy in a legal setting. Analysts have found that " more faithful citizens are wrongfully tried out and found guilty on the basis of eyewitness evidence in the uk and United states than by simply any other factor within the legal system" (Smith, Stinson, & Prosser, 2004, p. 146). Psychologists (Loftus & Palmer, 1974)were particularly interested in the impact of the exterior factors just like questioning methods and how certain information is definitely conveyed can influence a great eyewitness' recollection of an function. Other research workers (Clifford & Scott, 1978) examined how situational factors such as the period delay just before identification, form of crime and time of day can easily all affect how a person perceives a crime. This study may be considered valuable to society plus the law since it could lead to advancements of how proof is seen in the criminal justice program and the method suspects will be trialled to avoid further innocent people staying falsely found guilty. Eyewitness accounts can be untrustworthy simply because of the mental processes involved when acquiring, holding onto and seeking to retrieve details (Loftus,...
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